Stomach pain: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Stomach pain is something we all have experienced. Your stomach can hurt after eating or it could cramp suddenly for an unknown reason. The intensity of the pain could range from mild to severe; it might last for a few minutes or become chronic.

Let’s know more about stomach pain in the next segment.

Symptoms associated with stomach pain

The pain could radiate from anywhere below your chest and above your groin. You can experience the pain either in left or right side of your stomach, lower or upper half or right at the centre. The location of the pain is governed by the underlying cause. For example appendicitis is attributed to lower right abdominal pain.

If you look for the type of pain, then your doctor would define it in the following ways, viz.  “sharp, dull, stabbing, tearing, cramps, twisting, pressure, and bloating”. Other symptoms usually associated with stomach pain are nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, loss of appetite, low urine output, dehydration, fever, etc.

Reasons of stomach pain

Your stomach will be hurting under the following health conditions:

  • Indigestion, gas, acidity, diarrhoea, constipation,
  • Intestinal obstruction, Ulcerative colitis, Diverticulitis, Hiatal hernia, peptic ulcer, celiac disease, Crohn’s diseas
  • Kidney stones, gall stones, appendicitis
  • Cancer in kidneys, stomach, liver, pancreas
  • Infant pyloric stenosis
  • Stomach infection by pylori, food poisoning
  • Ovarian cysts, infection of fallopian tubes in women
  • During menstruation in females
  • Injury to stomach- intestines or any other surrounding organ
  • Could be a symptom of angina and heart attack

Diagnosis of stomach pain

The purpose of diagnosing your stomach pain is to identify the underlying cause. For this, your doctor will physically inspect the pain pertaining to its location, type and intensity, followed by checking your medical history, food habits and general issues like constipation.

If your doctor suspects an infection then you need to undergo blood tests and stool tests.

Furthermore, depending upon the initial physical examination, other tests like X ray, ultrasonography, CT scan would be performed. You might also need to undergo chest x rays and EKG or ECG if abnormality in your heart has been suspected. Endoscopy, barium x rays and biopsies may be needed for stones, stomach injuries, cancer or any other serious condition that is leading to stomach pain.

Treatment of stomach pain

The treatment is totally dependent upon the test reports. If it’s a simple case of indigestion or acidity then your doctor would give you some antacids to control the symptoms. Anti-spasmodic medicines may be prescribed for reducing the stomach cramping, stool softeners or laxatives are given for constipation, and many more. Thus, you can see that the treatment is totally directed towards healing the underlying health issue.

Home remedies for stomach pain

What should you do if you experience stomach pain out of the blue? Always remember and apply the following home remedies:

  • Lie down flat on your back on your bed and roll over a bottle containing hot water or you can use a hot water bag
  • Keep antacid syrups or pills and OTC stomach pain medicines in handy. You can consume one to get immediate relief
  • Always vomit out if you sense so and clear your bowels to get instant relief. If you are having constipation then use stool bulkers or laxatives regularly
  • You can sip some peppermint, chamomile, or ginger tea with honey. Make sure you have the herbs in stack or tea bags would is an easy option.

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