High blood pressure and kidney disease : Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

High blood pressure and kidney disease is an interlinked condition. When the blood exerts too much pressure on the walls of the blood vessels, then the normal functioning of the kidneys is affected. So does this have any negative implications on your health?

Let us learn more about high blood pressure and kidney disease in the next segment.

How high blood pressure leads to kidney disease?

The kidneys are made up of a filtration unit known as nephrons. They filter the blood, restore essential minerals and let out waste from the body in the form of urine. Therefore, when your blood pressure is normal the kidneys function properly.

Hypertension can be associated with kidneys in two broad ways:

Firstly,if you are suffering from chronic kidney disease, like your kidneys are damaged, then high blood pressure could be a complication of the underlying kidney disease.

Secondly, it can be the other way around. If you fail to maintain blood pressure within a normal range, then you are vulnerable to developing kidney disease. Thus, high blood pressure is a risk factor for kidney disease.

What exactly happensin this case, the micro tubules or the filtration unit of the kidneys get damaged due to the increased pressure of blood. They fail to dispose the waste from the blood, whichworsens your health.

What are the symptoms?

You have to get your blood pressure measured routinely once elevated levels have been detected. However, the symptoms that would signify the probability of kidney disease are decreased urination, loss of appetite, headaches, and feeling of general weakness, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting.

You might also lose weight, experience sleep problems along with decreased concentration, chest pain and shortness of breath. If your kidneys are not functioning properly, then you might also observe changes in coloration of your skin with itching.

What should you do then?

You must consult your doctor on experiencing any of those aforementioned symptoms. Your doctor will check your medical history, evaluate the symptoms and suggest some diagnostic tests.

Diagnosis of high blood pressure and kidney disease

Quite certainly your blood pressure readings will be taken. Following that, you have to undergo urine tests to measure the amount of albumin and creatinine in your urine. These two parameters show high values for kidney disease. Furthermore, glomerular filtration rate (<60 indicates kidney disease) would also be estimated from a blood test.

Depending upon the extent of kidney disease you are suffering from, your doctor would further advise ultrasound of the kidneys, electrocardiogram, blood glucose tests, lipid profile tests, etc.

Management of high blood pressure and kidney disease

The primary goal of treatment under this circumstance is to control the blood pressure, for which B.P lowering pills might be prescribed.

Your doctor would advise several modifications in your diet for the purpose ofreducing blood pressure and improving the function of your kidneys. Your diet would essentially contain fresh fruits and vegetables with decreased intake of protein. Apart from that, you must give up on smoking, reduce stress and start exercising. Surgical procedures may be opted for only if the damage demands it.

The bottom line is- if your doctor has found out that your blood pressure has spiked up,then you have no choice but to make all efforts to bring it within normal levels. This is the only way to prevent kidney disease as well as heart problems in the future.

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