Diabetes and kidney disease

Kidney disease is linked with people suffering from diabetes. This because increased blood sugar levels affect normal functioning of the kidneys which leads to development of kidney disease. So what happens exactly? We explain you over here… What are the symptoms of kidney disease in diabetics? An individual suffering from kidney complication will experience the following characteristic clinical symptoms. Swelling in legs Loss of appetite Fatigue and exhaustion Nausea and vomiting Headache, dizziness Weakness in body Sleeplessness Lack of concentration How diabetes causes kidney disease? Kidneys are made up of…

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Kidney failure: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Kidneys are made up of tiny filtration units called glomeruli. Their function is to filter waste products and excess fluid from the blood and form urine which is then passed out via the ureters. Kidney failure or renal failure means inability of the kidneys to perform filtration. Symptoms of kidney failure Decreased urine output (sometimes) Blood in stool Excessive thirst Pain in bones and joints Confusion and lack of concentration Unusual change in color of skin Edema in hands and feet Tightness and pain in chest Shortness of breath Loss…

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Hematuria: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Overview of hematuria Hematuria refers to appearance of red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine, which may either be visible to the naked eye (termed as gross/macroscopic hematuria) or detected with a microscope (referred to as microscopic hematuria). This condition may result from abnormalities within the kidneys or within the ureters and is noted commonly in children. In some cases, underlying blood disorders may be the causative factor. Gross hematuria may also be noted in adults wherein it may often symbolise cancerous involvement (in case of adults over 40 years…

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Kidney stone: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Overview of kidney stone Kidney stones occur in a disorder known as urolithiasis, which is characterized by the formation of one or more calcified crystals in the kidneys. These crystals are commonly referred as stones and are associated with pain in the abdominal and groin region. Kidney stones are observed in about 5–15% of the population worldwide and their occurrence is  2–3 times more common in men than women. Adults are frequently affected when compared to other ages. Ethnically, it is more common in white individuals than Asian individuals and…

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Diuretics : Why are diuretics prescribed? Types and Side Effects

Diuretics, also known as water pills are prescribed by doctors to treat various health conditions like high blood pressure, kidney and liver problems, glaucoma, edema, etc. They help body get rid of excess salt and water. Mode of Action So how do they work? Presence of too much salt can cause accumulation of water inside the blood vessels which raises blood pressure. Diuretics control the excretory action of the kidneys and help removing the excess salt and water from the body. Thus the amount of fluid inside the blood vessels…

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Dysuria : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Dysuria Dysuria is the medical terminology for painful urination. It can happen to men and women of all age groups. Apart from pain, considerable burning sensation is also experienced while passing urine. Who are at higher risk? People with the following health conditions are more prone to this disorder: Pregnant women Menopausal women Individuals with diabetes Individuals with renal, prostrate and bladder disorders Symptoms of dysuria Pain and burning sensation while passing urine Urinary tract infections accompanied by vomiting, fever, body ache, etc. Pain in abdomen Itching in vagina, smelly…

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Protein in urine : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Protein in urine When the kidneys are functioning properly, then no protein will pass through the urine. Presence of protein (albumin) in urine marks abnormality in the kidneys, wherein they are unable to retain the protein in the body, as a consequence of which it gets filtered in the urine. When protein in urine reaches abnormal levels, the condition is medically termed as proteinuria. Are there any associated symptoms? You definitely cannot see the protein in your urine. Presence of little amount of protein in urine does not bring about…

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Renal Vein Thrombosis : Symptoms, Complications, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Renal Vein Thrombosis Renal vein thrombosis is characterized by presence of clot inside the renal veins (they drain blood from the kidneys).  This disorder is also known as renal vein occlusion and can occur in children as well as adults. Symptoms of Renal Vein Thrombosis The symptoms vary to a large extent depending on the severity of the thrombosis and the age of the individual. In children High fever and chills Increased thirst, dryness in mouth Breathing problem Concentrated urine Decreased urine output Irritation, nausea, vomiting, weakness Low appetite In…

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What is stress incontinence?

An overview of stress incontinence Stress incontinence is probably the most common form of urinary incontinence wherein urine leaks under stress like conditions like sneezing, coughing, laughing, exercising or lifting weight. Squirting can also occur while being sexually excited or while having intercourse. You won’t be experiencing urine leakage normally. A small volume of urine gets excreted only when the bladder senses pressure. Why does stress incontinence happen? There are several factors responsible for stress incontinence. The most obvious cause is weakness in the sphincter muscle of the bladder which…

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Urinary Incontinence : Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Introduction to urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence (UI) refers to the involuntary release of urine that may occur as a result of physiologic, pharmacologic, pathologic or psychological factors. The loss of urine is visible in the affected individuals and may pose a social or hygienic problem. Women are affected about three times more commonly than men till the age of 80 years. The incidence in men and women above the age of 80 years is almost similar. It has been estimated that about 10 million Americans are affected by UI of…

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