Gonorrhea: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD), commonly known as ‘the clap’. It is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus. In this article we shall know more about this dreaded disease in detail. How is Gonorrhea Contracted? Gonorrhea is bacterial disease that is sexually transmitted. The causative agent Neisseria gonorrhoeae can live in the uterus, cervix, urethra, rectum, throat, as well as the eyes (occasionally). Gonorrhea can infect any person who is sexually active and not necessary to have multiple partners. Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhea Gonorrhea does not always…

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Trichomonas Infection : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Trichomonas infection or trichomoniasis is sexually transmitted that affects women more often, causing foul smell in the vagina, along with several other symptoms. The STD is caused by the microorganism Trichomonas vaginalis. Symptoms of trichomonas infection Women observe the following symptoms after a week or more of the infection. smelly vaginal discharge which could be frothy yellow, green, grey or white in colour Burning and itching in and around the vagina Pain and redness in genitals Pain in lower abdomen Discomfort during sexual intercourse Painful urination Men usually have no…

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HIV infection : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

HIV infection The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that affects the cells of immune system, thereby leading to complete destruction of body’s immunity. It’s a slow disease that can take 10-15 years to develop the final stage i.e. AIDS. What’s the mode of infection? The human immune deficiency virus attacks the while blood cells (CD4+ cells) of the immune system. The virus replicates rapidly and after a certain span, the body loses its ability to fight infections due to massive destruction of the immune system. The final stage…

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HIV or AIDS : Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Introduction to hiv / aids Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a life-threatening infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). According to the latest figures published in the UNAIDS/WHO 2006 AIDS Epidemic Update, an estimated 39.5 million people are living with HIV, worldwide. In 2006, 2.9 million people died of AIDS-related illnesses all over the world.1 The new 2006 estimates released by the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO), supported by UNAIDS and WHO, indicate that nationwide adult HIV prevalence in India is approximately 0.36%, which corresponds to an estimated 2–3.1…

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What is HIV test? Procedure, results.

What is HIV test? HIV test is a simple blood test that helps to find out whether a person is infected by the human immunodeficiency virus. In some cases a saliva test may also be carried out. This virus can severely compromise the immune system of the infected person making him susceptible to deadly infections and cancer. This test assumes importance in the fight against spread of HIV as an infected person takes a lot of time to exhibit symptoms. Why is HIV test conducted? HIV test is conducted for…

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Penile doppler test: Procedure, risks and advantages

There are many causes of erectile dysfunction (ED). ED is one of the most common problems suffered by men. ED often occurs due to a combination of many underlying factors such as blood vessel problems, nerve issues or psychological effects. The urologists may suggest a blood test to check for your sugar, cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Other blood tests may include testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin,Luteinizing Hormone (LH), etc. He may even ask for a urine test. If the results are normal, the doctor may suggest medications like Sildenafil, Tadalafil,…

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