Alprazolam: Uses, side effects and dosage

Brand names available:   What is alprazolam? Common uses of alprazolam How to use alprazolam What should I discuss with my doctor or pharmacist before taking alprazolam? What is the dosage and what about if I miss the dose or overdose? Side effects and when to consult the health expert Storage information for alprazolam Additional  information   Alprazolam is a prescription drug available from your pharmacy store only with the prescription of a qualified medical practitioner.   Brand names available: Axit ( Micro Labs) Alzolam ( Sun) Alzot ( Pfizer)  …

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Depression: Symptoms, causes and treatment. When to seek help?

‘I am depressed’, a statement we often hear during a casual talk. The term depression that is used so often is a serious medical condition in some people. It can affect a person in such a way, that it can drive them towards suicide. Let us know more about this clinical manifestation that can turn around the life of an affected individual. What is Depression? Feeling low at times is a part of life. However, when this feeling starts sucking every bit of happiness and hope from one’s life, it…

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Benzodiazipines: Uses, side effects

Treat Insomnia and Anxiety with Benzodiazipines Overview Benzodiazipine is a type of medication which is known as minor tranquilizers. In the U.S., it is commonly prescribed as depressant medication. In the market, various kinds of Benzodiazipine medications are available that are used for treating both physical and psychological maladies. The medication comes in both tablet as well as intravenous injection forms. Uses of Benzodiazipine It is recommended for treating following medical conditions: Insomnia Anxiety Seizure control Muscle relaxation Alcohol withdrawal Nausea and vomiting Depression A point important to disclose is…

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Agoraphobia: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder. The term agoraphobia comes from the Greek word that means ‘gathering place’. This anxiety disorder prevents one from visiting a crowded place. The sufferer may find such places as dangerous and uncomfortable. The person will go to great lengths to avoid social situations that include visiting public places. Such people may never leave their homes to avoid panic attacks. What is Agoraphobia? Agoraphobia is a complex phobia or fear that results due to many interlinked underlying conditions. People with agoraphobia may suffer from…

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Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Overview attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurological disorder that affects millions of children. About 60% of children diagnosed with ADHD retain the condition until their adulthood.1 People suffering from this condition are inattentive, hyperactive and show impulsive behavior.2 They also struggle with low self-esteem, troubled personal relationships and poor performance at school or at work. If this condition is left untreated, it leads to associated behavioral, emotional, social, vocational and academic problems.1 Antipsychostimulant drugs are prescribed to subside the symptoms. These drugs can sometimes have…

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Dementia: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Overview of dementia Dementia takes its roots from Latin, where ‘de’ means ‘apart’ and  ‘mentis’ means ‘mind’. Dementia is the disease of the brain causing loss of cognitive functions (reasoning, memory and other mental abilities) due to trauma or normal ageing. Dementia is not normal with aging. It can occur both in elderly and young people due to the underlying medical conditions. This decline ultimately impairs the capacity to carry out everyday activities such as driving, household chores and personal care. In addition, they experience decline in intellectual functioning like, use of language…

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Bulimia: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Overview of bulimia Bulimia takes its roots from the Greek, where bous means ‘ox’ and limos mean ‘hunger’, indicating a state of excessive hunger. Bulimia, also called as ‘bulimia nervosa’, is the most common eating disorder. It involves binge eating followed by inappropriate behavior to avoid weight gain. Binge eating means ‘eating large amounts of food in a short time’. Later, to get rid of the food they ‘vomit or purge’ using medicines or laxatives. People with bulimia like to binge, because they experience a comfort feeling. After binging, they…

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Epidemiology of anxiety

Studies have provided information about the occurrence of these disorders. Clinical studies provide the prevalence rates and comorbidity figures from population-based surveys. These studies use different instruments, sampling procedures, case definitions, and time frames for diagnoses and different severity ratings for diagnostic decisions.1 Studies suggest that the elderly are more prone to this disorder. Data on this disorder suggest that different kinds of anxiety disorders affect people who are above the age of 65 years. Studies conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health, indicated that the prevalence of panic…

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Anxiety: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Overview of anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of nervousness, apprehension, fear or worry. Anxiety disorders are disorders of the nervous system causing unreasonable worry, which is not based on the fact. Anxiety can occur with or without cause. This disorder is accompanied by a variety of physical symptoms related to heart, lung, nervous and gastrointestinal systems. Along with anxiety disorder, there may be other underlying medical and physical illnesses including alcohol and substance abuse, which makes the anxiety symptoms worse. Hence, care should be taken to identify these illnesses before…

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Stages of Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimer disease is the most common form of dementia that could occur from genetic reasons, environmental changes or lifestyle factors. Formation of plaques in the brain cells and tangles brain cells are the two attributes of the disease. Doctors have proposed several models like the 3 stages and 7 stages model for characterizing the progression of the disease. Here we shall elaborate the 3 stage model which is quite easy to understand. The three stages of Alzheimer’s are: Stage 1 – Mild or Early The first stage of Alzheimer means…

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