Diabetes and heart disease

Doctors say that if you have diabetes then you are twice more likely to have a heart disease than those who don’t. The higher your sugar levels, the more vulnerable you are. Not necessary that the complication would show up at an advanced age, but you may develop heart disease at younger age as well. Let’s explore the connection between diabetes and heart disease in the next segment… Why people with diabetes are at risk of having heart disease? Most diabetic people have several other health complications apart from poorly controlled…

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Diabetic foot disease: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

Doctors say that diabetes is a silent killer. Uncontrolled blood sugar, along with chronic levels of high blood pressure can take a toll on your feet. Diabetic foot disease refers to those complications occurring in your feet due to long term diabetes. How diabetes leads to foot disease? Both types of diabetes, namely type 1 and type 2 can damage the blood vessels and nerves of your leg and the feet. This affects peripheral blood circulation. Therefore the risk factors for developing diabetic food disease are: peripheral artery disease which…

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What is Hb A1c Test? Procedure and results

What is Hb A1c Test? This test measures glycated hemoglobin or hemoglobin that has blood glucose attached to it. It helps to detect the levels of blood glucose over the past one to three months. Normally red blood cells have a life period of about three to four months. Blood sugar routinely binds with hemoglobin in red blood cells. The more blood sugar in the blood stream, the higher will be the percentage of glycated hemoglobin. Thus, this gives a better picture of diabetes management over a given period of time.…

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Low blood sugar: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

One often hears a lot about diabetes, that is, high blood sugar. However, there is a condition that is exactly opposite of diabetes. It is known as low blood sugar. In this article, we shall learn about the pathophysiology of low blood sugar and the health risks pertaining to this condition. What is Low Blood Sugar? Low blood sugar is medically known as hypoglycemia. When the blood sugar levels in the body fall abnormally low it leads to a variety of symptoms in the patient. It is important to overcome…

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Epidemiology of gestational diabetes

Epidemiology (Occurrence of gestational diabetes in different groups) Epidemiology of gestational diabetes has not been studied systematically. Differences in screening programs and diagnostic critera make it difficult to study about the prevalences of gestational diabetes in various population of the world. Ethnicity is an independent risk factor for this condition. There are several other risk factors and in the absence of the risk factors, the incidence of gestational diabetes is low. Women in their first half of their pregnancy pose a high-risk, which include increased incidence of obstetric problems and…

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Epidemiology of diabetic nephropathy

Epidemiology ( Occurrence of diabetic nephropathy in different groups) The incidence of the end-stage renal disease in people suffering from type 2 diabetes is increasing stridently in many regions of the world.1 Recent studies suggest that 25% of the patients who suffer from diabetes develop microalbuminuria or diabetic nephropathy by 10 years.2 Once diabetic nephropathy is confirmed, the rate of worsening is 2–3% every year. According to another study, 14% of their study population suffering from type 1 diabetes developed end-stage diabetic renal disease after a period of 10 years.3…

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Diabetic nephropathy: Symptoms, risk factors and management

Introduction to diabetic nephropathy Diabetic nephropathy is a condition or clinical syndrome, where the ‘kidney is damaged’ due to long-term complications of diabetes. It is characterized by the following:1 Albuminuria Decline in glomerular filtration rate Elevated arterial pressure It starts as a minor damage with poor filtration by the kidneys. As the condition advances and left untreated, it leads to chronic kidney failure and requires dialysis or kidney transplant. Kidney failure will finally lead to death.   Symptoms of diabetic nephropathy In the initial stages of this condition, symptoms cannot…

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Type 1 diabetes: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and management

Diabetes is a disease that causes an increase in blood glucose levels, that is, sugar levels. This happens when the pancreases stop scratching or secrete lesser levels of insulin that helps maintain blood sugar levels. This causes many health complications marked by an increase in thirst and frequent urination. It is very important to control the blood sugar levels as it could lead to many serious consequences. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Let us learn more about type 1 diabetes from the…

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Type 2 diabetes: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and management

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that causes high levels of sugar in the blood stream. There are two types of diabetes; type 1 diabetes also called as insulin-dependent diabetes and the other one is type 2 diabetes or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. We shall concentrate more on type 2 diabetes symptoms, causes and its management. What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 diabetes affects adults over the age of 40. It is a chronic condition where the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin. It can even happen that the body cannot…

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Natural wonder for diabetes

Natural wonder for diabetes: Diabetes is a silent killer. It sneaks up on you and takes away all the sweetness that tickles your taste buds. The good news is, diabetes can be controlled with natural therapy and practically speaking, many people have been immensely benefited from it. Discover the natural wonders for diabetes in the next segment… Natural wonder for diabetes: Oily freshwater fish…Treat yourself with the goodness of salmon! Most diabetic people suffer from high cholesterol, which eventually leads to heart disease. Therefore, the natural wonder that comes to…

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