Breast Lumps: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment

One of the most scariest things for a woman is the discovery of a lump in her breast or breasts. The first thing that comes into one’s mind on the discovery of a lump is breast cancer. Not all breast lumps indicate cancer. Most of them are benign, non-cancerous growths that can easily be treated. Let us understand more about these breast lumps from the following paragraphs. What are Breast Lumps? Breast lumps are tissue growths in the breast that may vary in their appearance. They are mostly defined as…

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Colposcopy and Cervical Biopsy

One of the common cancers affecting women is cervical cancer. All women are advised to get a PAP smear done regularly in order to detect cervical cancer as early as possible. When one undergoes PAP smear and the results are found to be abnormal, the doctor advises a test called colposcopy. During this test, the doctor may also carry out cervical biopsy. What is Colposcopy? Colposcopy is a medical procedure that is carried out to view the cervix of a woman. The cervix is the organ that is present at…

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Kidney Cancer : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Kidney Cancer Kidney cancer or renal cancer occurs when the cells lining of the tubules (the smallest tubes inside the nephrons) that help filter blood and make urine become malignant. Also known as renal adenocarcinoma, this is the most common type of kidney cancer. Symptoms of Kidney cancer You may not experience any symptoms initially. However the following signs show up as the cancer progresses. rust colored urine due to presence of blood pain in one side of the waist just below the ribs tiredness, weakness and exhaustion fever weight…

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Esophageal cancer : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Esophageal Cancer Esophagus is the hollow tube that carries food from mouth to the stomach. Cancer in the tissue lining of the esophagus is called esophageal cancer. There are two broad types of esophageal cancer: Squamous cell carcinoma – the cancer begins in the inner lining of squamous cells, which then progress outward. Adenocarcinoma- The cancer occurs in the gland cells of the inner lining of esophagus. It happens only after the squamous cells get replaced with gland cells typically in case of Barrett’s esophagus. Symptoms of Esophageal Cancer The early stage…

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Pap test: Reasons, Who should go for it?, Procedure, Results

What is a Pap test? The Papanicolaou test, more popularly known as the Pap test or the Pap smear test is an important screening test for women. It looks for changes in the cells at the cervix, i.e., lower portion of the uterus, that are a precursor to cervical cancer.  Why is it conducted? Cervical cancer is a slow developing disease that can be cured when detected early enough. The Pap test can detect abnormal cells in the cervix before they become cancerous, thus making timely intervention possible. Who should…

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BRCA gene test for breast cancer

What is a BRCA gene test? This is a blood test that looks for a particular kind of mutation in the BRCA gene. Both the BRCA1 and BRCA2 are important for DNA repair at cellular level. These genes plays a role in suppressing cancer and some mutations may lead to cancer. However, it is important to remember that every mutation in this gene does not predispose a person towards cancer. Besides, there may still be other mutations that have not been identified as yet. This mutation can be inherited from…

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Tumor marker test for diagnosis of cancer

What is a tumor marker test? A tumor marker test is one of the tools used to detect cancer. As the levels of specific tumor markers or biochemicals are almost always raised when there is development of specific cancerous growth within the body, it can help to spot any abnormal growth within the body. Unfortunately, tumor markers can provide definite indication only when the cancer has spread substantially. Why is it conducted? One of the reasons why these tests are conducted is that it can help to indicate the possibility…

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Thyroid Cancer : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Thyroid Cancer The thyroid gland plays a major role in producing hormones that regulate metabolism of the body and cancer of this gland is known as thyroid cancer. It’s characterized by abnormal proliferations of cells of the thyroid gland which results in development of a lump or swelling the neck. Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer Thyroid cancer is uncommon and women are more susceptible. Apart from swelling in the neck, other symptoms of thyroid cancer include: Difficulty in breathing Trouble in swallowing Pain in neck and throat Swelling in lymph nodes…

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Breast cancer symptoms you should not ignore

The word cancer is infamous for sending chills to our spine and we are still not ready to accept the fact that – the earlier the cancer gets detected the better are the chances of recovery. This is for this reason we encourage you to understand the symptoms of breast cancer and get them checked by your doctor to rule out the probability of cancer. The changes in breast that you should never ignore are: Lump in breasts The good news is not all lumps are cancerous. About 80% lumps…

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Bowel Cancer : Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Bowel Cancer Bowel cancer occurs in the large bowel and it can spread to the rectum, so alternately it can be termed as colon cancer or rectal cancer. It initiates from a benign polyp occuring in the lining of the colon or the rectum which transforms into cancers with progress of time. Symptoms of Bowel Cancer Initially there are no visible symptoms of bowel cancer but as the polyps grow, they can give rise to the following changes: Bloody stool Rectal bleeding Weakness, fatigue, vomiting Abnormal weight loss Prolong constipation…

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