Diabetes mellitus is a disease that causes high blood sugar levels. This metabolic disorder occurs due to lack of insulin hormone or if the body cells do not respond to insulin produced. If left untreated it can lead to many complications, including diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, and even death. Treatment of diabetes includes use of anti-diabetic drug.
In this article, we shall learn about anti-diabetic drug and how it helps people with diabetes.
Anti-Diabetic Drugs: Overview
Anti-diabetic drugs help in controlling blood sugar levels in people suffering from diabetes. There are different types of diabetic drugs that include:
- Pramlintide (Amylin)
- GLP-1 receptor agonists (such as Byetta or Victoza)
- Oral hypoglycemic tablets
People suffering from Type 1 Diabetes require daily insulin injections. They need to eat properly and make sure their blood sugar levels never fall too low or high. They need to monitor their diabetes regularly and make sure to keep their blood sugar levels in check.
People with Type 2 Diabetes need to take oral hypoglycemic or take insulin or GLP-1 receptor agonists injections. Most of the time, type 2 diabetes can be controlled with proper diet and exercise.
This was a general idea regarding anti-diabetic drugs. There are many types of diabetic drugs that are prescribed according to an individual’s body need. Diabetics should always monitor their blood sugar levels and undergo checkup with their doctor regularly. At times, the body may require more or less than the regular dose of anti-diabetic drugs.